Paramjit Ahluwalia

Call: 2002

Specialist in


Described as an ‘outstanding junior,’ and as a ‘new talent, rising star,’ Paramjit’s work is focused on Criminal Appeals and cases of homicide, human trafficking, modern slavery and immigration offences. She is known for the representation of vulnerable applicants – often in relation to mental health vulnerabilities, individuals who have been survivors of domestic abuse, sexual abuse and victims of trafficking.

The Observer in 2019 described Paramjit as being a ‘new talent, rising star’ for her work ‘representing society’s most vulnerable, fighting human trafficking, modern day slavery and immigration crime.’ Her published article through the Criminal Bar Association on duress and section 45 Modern Slavery Act 2015 was referenced in a House of Lords debate on proposed amendments to the Domestic Abuse Bill. Paramjit has provided updates and seminars on Modern Slavery to a variety of organisations – including the Judicial College (in 2022 and 2023) and the Criminal Bar Association (2022 webinars.)

Paramjit is the contributing author to the chapter on Modern Slavery and Immigration Offences in the leading Criminal Practitioner Text, Blackstone’s Criminal Practice. She has written a response chapter on the issue of Coercive Control in Criminal Law Reform Now (May 2024 collection) and contributed to a landmark book on domestic homicides (Women who Kill, Criminal Law and Domestic Abuse – October 2023).

Criminal Appeals

Paramjit has a high profile practice in Criminal Appeals. She works throughout as a team leader with instructing solicitors to provide effective and clear representation– from points of merits advice to substantive appeals before the Court of Appeal. Her recent work as fresh counsel includes advising on murder convictions, advising on merits of appeal against sentences involving complex fresh psychiatric evidence and cutting edge modern slavery and human trafficking appeals. Some examples of her cases include:

  • R v FH (April 2024) – FH had been sentenced to conspiracy to defraud and transfer criminal property. Successful appeal post referral by CCRC – Court of Appeal agreeing that number of days spent in custody awaiting extradition back to UK should be credited.
  • R v AAJ [2021] EWCA Crim 1278– Convictions for accused who was vulnerable young person who had been subjected to exploitation quashed – Described in the Court of Appeal judgment as providing ‘expert assistance’ in this County Lines exploitation appeal.
  • R v AWJ [2021] EWCA Crim 1776– leading junior in complex appeal against conviction for causing or allowing physical harm of young child. Fresh evidence in appeal focused upon the complex coercive control and domestic abuse dynamic faced by a woman Defendant. Leading Junior against a silk – and
  • R v I (Jan and Feb 2023, Croydon Crown Court) – Vast fresh evidence dissected in original application to CCRC. 6 separate convictions referred by the Criminal Cases Review Commission that related to a vulnerable young adult who had been subjected to a cycle of child criminal exploitation. Post technically complex submissions, the outcome resulted in 5 convictions no longer standing and for the remaining one conviction an absolute discharge being imposed. (CCRC news press-
  • R v A [2020] EWCA Crim 1408 – Application for leave to appeal for A who had been subjected to serious sexual violence in childhood and went on to be coerced into criminal offending.
  • R v Farbar [2019] EWCA Crim 1716 – Technically complex appeal, included consideration of rules of specialty and dealing with an accused only for offences detailed in European Arrest Warrant.
  • R v O  [2019] EWCA Crim 1389 – representation of vulnerable woman who had been forced into sexual exploitation and suffered repeated trafficking in UK. Paramjit examined-in-chief in above appeal the vulnerable witness who required an interpreter. Conviction quashed.
  • R v AT [2018] EWCA 1890– appointed as fresh counsel 1 week prior to sentencing appeal. Dangerousness finding quashed.

Modern Slavery, Human Trafficking and s45 Modern Slavery Act defence

Paramjit has a significant ground breaking practice concerning Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery, County Lines, and section 45 Modern Slavery Act 2015 Defences. She conducts leading junior work in multi-handed trials and has done so even before the 2015 legislation came into force (Acquittal secured for Defendant in 2013 multi handed exploitation case –

She has been leading junior for a Defendant first on the indictment in a 3 month multi-handed trial against prosecuting silk in R v M (Canterbury Crown Court, 2019). The charges related to matters taking place over a 10 year period concerning human trafficking and modern slavery. Sensitive cross-examination of multiple complainants was involved with special measures, ABE evidence.

In addition to being the contributing author to the chapter on Modern Slavery and Immigration Offences in Blackstone’s Criminal Practice, she is a contributing author to chapters on criminal court process, special measures and criminal appeal process in Bloomsbury Professional ‘Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery Law and Practice’ 2020.  She has provided updates on the Nationality and Borders Act 2022 (Blackstone’s Briefing, Autumn 2022) and updates on how AAD and others [2022] EWCA Crim 106 applies in practice (Crimeline).

She has been a speaker at seminars and workshops, including internationally at the ECPAT Conference in Paris to judges and lawyers from 7 European Countries- on ‘Trafficking for Criminal Exploitation.’


What the directories say

Paramjit is an outstanding junior. She combines excellent organisational skills with good judgement, hard work and commitment.
Legal 500


BA Jurisprudence (Keble College, Oxford University)

Professional Memberships

Criminal Bar Association
Member of Criminal Bar Association Committee
Member of Social Mobility Committee (CBA)


Legal 500



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